There are three major skin cancer types. They are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
Basal cell carcinoma is caused by your skin being overexposed to sun. The tumors usually take the form of small, shiny bumps. Waxy, hard skin growth can also be a warning sign of basal cell carcinoma. While this is the least deadly type of skin cancer, and it is unlikely to spread to other parts of your body, it is possible for it to cause disfigurement and even death if not treated early enough.
Squamous cell carcinoma is also caused by being exposed to too much UV radiation, and often takes the form of red scaly patches, open sores, or crusty warts. If these tumors are allowed to grow, they can become deadly, but is fairly easy to treat if caught early enough.
Melanoma is the most serious and the most deadly type of skin cancer. Most melanomas are black or brown, but they can be pink, red, purple, blue, or white. The best way to identify melanoma is to use the ABDE method. This means that any mole that displays asymmetry, uneven borders, a variety of colors, a large diameter, or seems to be evolving should be evaluated by our skin doctor in Encino.